The South Asian conference on Small Mammals 2017, with the theme “Small Mammals: Sustaining Ecology and Economy in the South Asia” was held during 27-29, August 2017 at Park Village Resort, Kathmandu, Nepal. This event was the first ever kind of conference on small mammals on South Asian region organized by Small Mammals Conservation and Research Foundation (SMCRF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation (MoFSC), Government of Nepal and Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University with the financial support from WWF/USAID Hariyo Ban Program-II, ZSL-Nepal, NTNC, RPN, IUCN-Nepal, NAST and WCN. Total 105 participants including guests from 10 different countries (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Taiwan, USA, UK, China, Malaysia, South Korea and Nepal) gathered for the conference. This conference was instrumental in exchanging information from researches and practical development in the conservation of small mammals via expanding the network of like-minded people and updating the data on small mammals, building capacity of individual researchers and conservationists and disseminating the achievements so far. It also looked into opportunities and challenges in further conservation and research activities on small mammals in the future. There were three main sessions in the Conference; paper presentations, poster presentations, and a workshop on quantifying mammal distribution that went on parallel session. South Asian Conference on Small Mammals post conference tour was scheduled for Chitwan National Park and six participants from China, Bangladesh and Vietnam participated in the tour. During the tour the participants were taken for elephant ride, canoeing, jungle walk and cultural show of ethnic Tharu community.